An open well (locally known as koop) was included in the labour budget of Balampur Gram Panchayat (Dumarbhawna village) under Batauli block of Sarguja district. The region is suitable for dug wells but practices rain-fed agriculture therefore, the block was assigned a target for dug wells. During the IPPE, the village planning team communicated the benefits of open wells and prepared a list of interested farmers of Para V category (as defined in schedule II of MGNREGA). Post deliberation in the Gram Sabha on the eligibility of interested farmers, it approved construction of and open well for Shri Shivnandan/Sailu who belongs to scheduled tribe (ST) category.
The site for the construction of the open well was selected after scoping of the nearby areas that suggested suitable soil type and morphology and had enabled successful dug well excavations in nearby locations. There was sufficient land available as per dimensions of the dug well suggested in the model estimate and work site. The site location is on the low land of the farm and will be used for irrigation of the paddy and vegetable crops with pump set or other lift mechanisms to the adjacent farm land of the beneficiary. As the “well yield” is high, there is potential of water availability even in summer months.
The open well has dimensions of 4mX10m (Diameter*Depth) with stone pitching on inner diameter up to 16 ft from ground level. The suggestions made under the Infrastructure for Climate Resilient Growth (ICRG) programme funded by DFID included complementary works such as treatment of upper ridge by trenches and plantation to increase the water percolation in the upper catchment area increasing the yield of the well. Stone pitching on the inner side of well up to 15-16 ft will prevent cave–in of the well. Implementation of these suggestions will make the structure sustainable.
Paddy is a major crop of Surguja cultivated during Kharif season. The water table of the well is very high (nearly 0.5 to 1 m) and has the potential to provide irrigation to 2 hectares of paddy crop even in the case of intermittent drought spells to the beneficiary Shri Shivnandan. Further, in case of normal weather conditions, the dug well has the potential to irrigate 0.8 hectares land during rabi and summer seasons when farmers can take-up vegetable cultivation and increase their income. The irrigation infrastructure is being developed for the Scheduled Tribe household. About 35 % of the cost of the dug well will be spent on earth work and will provide unskilled wage employment to wage seeker families of the village.