Accelerating sanitation coverage in rural areas

Suangpiulawn Gram Panchayat is situated in Phullen RD Block of Aizwal District in Mizoram. During a survey conducted by the Rural Development Department and Public Health and Education Department in 2015, 25 households without latrines were identified. The construction of Individual Household Latrines were taken up for these 25 households through convergence of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA and Swacchh Bharat Mission during FY 2015-16.  

1

Implementation

According to the 2011 Census, the population of Suangpuilawn Gram Panchayat (GP) in Phullen RD Block of Aizwal District is 379 households including 1,724 members. The Rural Development Department and Public Health and Education Department together conducted a survey during 2015 which revealed that there are 25 households in the GP that do not have latrine facilities. The members of the households indulged in open defecation which not only led to unhygienic conditions in the village, but also resulted in spread of diseases such as malaria.

The GP took up the construction of Individual Household Latrines (IHHL) to the 25 households as priority work. The work was done under Swacchh Bharat Mission (SBM-G) and Mahatma Gandhi NREGA, and was completed during FY 2015-16.

The Block Development Officer took special initiative in ensuring that the IHHLs were being used by the beneficiaries. The Health Department, Village Council and NGOs conducted Panchayat and hamlet level meetings on the importance of using toilets, and health and sanitation tips in general. The need for maintaining cleanliness in the toilets and surrounding areas was also highlighted during the meetings. Buckets and mugs were also provided to the IHHL beneficiaries on completion of work.

2

Impact

The beneficiaries have stopped defecating in the open. Mr. Lalramnghaka, a Mahatma Gandhi NREGA job card holder who was provided IHHL says that he is now reluctant to use pit latrines or go out in the open. He has also started campaigning on the importance of using IHHL in the neighboring villages.

 

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